Federal officials released the final rule on meaningful use Tuesday, which will allow physicians and hospitals to qualify for thousands of dollars in stimulus funding incentives for the adoption of electronic health records.
The 864-page final rule, several weeks late from its anticipated delivery before June 21, outlines the specific qualifications providers must meet to achieve the meaningful use of electronic health records.
At a news conference Tuesday morning, federal healthcare officials praised the advance of electronic health records, while acknowledging the difficulties providers face at the onset of adoption.
According to David Blumenthal, MD, national coordinator for health information technology, the final rule differs from the proposed rule issued last January: It allows providers more flexibility in choosing which measures to use for qualifications.
According to Blumenthal, the proposed rule required doctors to comply with 23 measures, and hospitals 25 measures. The government received more than 2,000 comments on the rule, many of them asking for more flexibility in allowing clinicians to qualify.
Blumenthal said the final rule took those comments into account. The final rule requires doctors to comply with a set of 15 core objectives during the first year – or Stage 1- of adoption. Hospitals are required to comply with 14 core objectives. In addition to the core objectives, both hospitals and doctors will have to choose five more objectives from a "menu" of 10, he said. The remaining objectives will be deferred to Stage 2 of adoption.
The final rule also reduced the number of electronic prescriptions a doctor is required to make from 75 percent to 40 percent, Blumenthal said.
Kathleen Sebelius, Department of Health and Human Services Secretary, said the Federation of American Hospitals is an "enthusiastic supporter" of the new rule. The federal government hopes other groups will join them, she said.
Blumenthal, a physician, said he is confident the use of electronic health records will become a core professional competency among physicians, who will eventually lead the way in adoption. Until then, the government will encourage healthcare IT adoption through financial incentives, such as these set up under the meaningful use rule. The government will also supply "shoulder-to-shoulder" support for providers through the regional extension centers.
Key changes in the final CMS rule include:
- Greater flexibility with respect to eligible professionals and hospitals in meeting and reporting certain objectives for demonstrating meaningful use. The final rule divides the objectives into a “core” group of required objectives and a “menu set” of procedures from which providers may choose any five to defer in 2011-2012. This gives providers latitude to pick their own path toward full EHR implementation and meaningful use.
- An objective of providing condition-specific patient education resources for both EPs (eligible providers) and eligible hospitals and the objective of recording advance directives for eligible hospitals, in line with recommendations from the Health Information Technology Policy Committee.
- A definition of a hospital-based EP as one who performs substantially all of his or her services in an inpatient hospital setting or emergency room only, which conforms to the Continuing Extension Act of 2010
- CAHs (critical access hospitals) within the definition of acute care hospital for the purpose of incentive program eligibility under Medicaid.
A CMS/ONC fact sheet on the rules is available on the CMS Web site.